Crime & Justice | Albright College

Crime & Justice

Bachelor of Science in Crime & Justice

Albright College offers a crime and justice interdisciplinary major for post-traditional students, which focuses on the legal, political, administrative, psychological and sociological analysis of criminal deviance and societal responses to crime.

Travis Mertz, Veteran and Crime & Justice student from the Bethlehem location

The courses provide students with a broad-based understanding of traditional and contemporary theoretical explanations of criminal behavior; the current patterns related to the incidence and prevalence of crime and victimization in contemporary society; the methodological and statistical techniques used to measure and analyze criminal deviance; the implications and ramifications of criminal deviance for society in general and for its individual members; and an understanding of the broader political, legal, and ethical contexts in which the criminal justice system operates.


The ADP Crime and Justice Program is committed to the tradition of the Liberal Arts and Sciences. We seek to insure that graduates are amply equipped with skills in analytical thinking, writing, and research and with an understanding and appreciation of the broader political, legal and ethical contexts in which the criminal justice system operates while providing insight into the societal context within which criminal behavior occurs.


Albright College Faculty

Carla Abodalo, M.S.
Academic Program Chair & Instructor
Areas of Specialization: Criminal Justice, Terrorism, Domestic Violence & Organized Crime

Required Courses

  • 78 credits in general studies & elective credits
  • 48 credits in Computer Information Systems at Albright College (16 Courses — 3 credits per course)

CRJ 905 Crime and Deviance
An introduction to the study of the sociology of deviance as it relates to criminal behavior. The course concentrates on the patterns and causes of crime as well as societal efforts to control it. Crime types covered include victimless crime, gang-related crime, street crime, interpersonal violence, white-collar crime, organized crime, and terrorism. The three major subsystems of the criminal justice system will be examined: law enforcement, the judicial system, and corrections.

RJ 912 Organized Crime
This course examines criminal activities carried out through criminal organizations, and focuses on organized crime as it relates to cultural history, assimilation processes, and the characteristics of American society that have fostered its growth and success. Trends in organized crime in terms of ethnicity, structure and activities will be investigated. Law enforcement strategies and tactics used to control organized crime will also be examined.

CRJ 914 Juvenile Justice
This course examines concepts related to the juvenile justice system. The causes and measurements of juvenile crime are presented. Police enforcement of laws on juveniles is examined in the context of juvenile rights. The course then considers the Juvenile Court system from the initial intake or arrest through the disposition phrase. Emphasis is then placed on aftercare, including community-based programs, juvenile institutionalization, and various treatment technologies. Finally, we examine the juvenile as an individual and look at a number of characteristics that may influence juvenile delinquency.

CRJ 917 Crime, Culture and Conflict Resolution
This course introduces students to the “law ways” of different societies, and in particular non-industrialized societies. The goal is to explore the extent to which different societies employ coercion, punishment and consensus to maintain order and resolve conflicts. Topics include rules and crime, the cultural basis of right and wrong, informal and ritualized disputing, conflict theory and conflict resolution (avoidance, community action, ritual reconciliation, negotiation and mediation), oaths, ordeals and punishment, adjudication and codified law, feuding, raiding, and warfare (internal and external).

CRJ918 Violence and Victims
This course provides a synopsis of the principles of victimology. Focus will be given not only to the role of the victim, but also to how victims of violence interact with society, the media and the Criminal Justice System. The importance of victim/offender relationships in understanding and deterring crime will be explored. Emphasis will be placed on the impact of victimization, comprehensive policy issues, and emerging trends in victimology. Case studies will focus on victims of street crime, hate crime, political terror, homicide, human trafficking, and school/workplace violence.

CRJ 920 Social Psychology
This course entails the psychological study of human social interaction. Special consideration is given to models of individual-society relationships, social cognition and attribution processes, social influence processes, prosocial and altruistic behavior, and antisocial behavior (models of human violence and social-cultural determinants of prejudice).

CRJ 925 Statistics
An introduction to the theory and practice of basic statistical analysis. Topics include the organization and tabulation of raw and grouped data, geographical presentation of univariate and multivariate distributions, central tendency and variability measures, elementary probability theory with binomial applications, the theory of sampling and the central limit theorem, one- and two-sample tests of hypotheses concerning means and proportions, and the analysis of variance and regression.

CRJ 930 Research Methods
An exploration of the application of the basic tenets of scientific research to criminological topics. Topics include the formalization of research topics, the isolation and operationalization of theoretical concepts, the construction of hypotheses, sampling theory, study design issues, data collection techniques, and the organization of empirical data for hypothesis testing.
Prerequisite: CJ 925

CRJ 940 Law and Society
An introduction to the social scientific study of the law and legal system, this course addresses the nature of law and its functions in society, social control, dispute settlement, social engineering, and the organization of the courts.

CRJ 945 Adult Psychopathology
This course focuses on a biopsychological approach to the classification, etiology and treatment of abnormal behavior patterns in adults. In addition, research and treatment strategies are explored within the context of clinical, counseling, school, and forensic psychology settings. Emphasis is on adult psychopathology, including anxiety disorders, affective disorders, schizophrenic disorders, personality disorders, and substance abuse disorders.

CRJ 952 Diversity & Cross Cultural Issues
This course will focus on issues such as managing diversity, affirmative action, expatriate preparation and motivation, and cultural sensitivity.

CRJ 956 Criminology
This seminar is designed to be a scholarly, comprehensive and empirical examination of the phenomenon known as serial murder. Content will include psychological, sociological, biological and familial influences, as well as individual case studies. Serial murder will be distinguished from other forms of multiple homicides. The many problems associated with addressing serial murder will be considered. Other topics will include serial murder and its relation to race and gender, the many myths associated with serial murder, and the role of the media and law enforcement officials. Particular emphasis will be placed on the difficulty of apprehending serial killers.

CRJ 960 Criminal Law
The principles of American criminal law are examined using the case method. Principles of criminal liability, elements of crimes and defenses, and the structure and operation of the criminal justice system are examined.

CRJ 965 Public Policy/Administration
The terminology, techniques and problems of policy making are examined. Policy formulation, implementation and evaluation are studied using the case study approach.

— OR —

CRJ 966 Public Administration
The functions, structures and organizations of governmental and public bureaucracies are addressed. This course combines social scientific organizational theory with applied practice through the use of case studies.

CRJ 970 Seminar in Crime and Justice
Examination of the creation and administration of crime policy in the United States. Students examine a specific topic either individually or with a task force of other students, with the purpose of making policy recommendations.

CRJ 975 Applied Project Seminar
An advanced research seminar that focuses on conducting a hypothesis-testing empirical research project on a topic related to the student’s internship/applied project experience. Building on the research methods and internship courses, this course concentrates on the collection and analysis of data and culminates in the writing and presentation of the senior thesis.
Prerequisite: CJ 930

Learning Goals: Student Learning Outcomes

  1. Foster intellectual curiosity
  2. Break free from the leash of cultural conformity by learning to think critically and creatively about issues for themselves without relying on others (authorities) to make the assessments for them.
  3. Find, understand, and critically assess scholarly and analytic criminological literature.
  4. Develop the skills and knowledge to conduct basic criminological investigations. This would include being familiar with the process by which an individual can: develop relevant hypotheses; collect pertinent data; analyze data qualitatively and quantitatively; develop conclusions about the issue(s) in question.
  5. Develop a foundation of criminological theory about the way humans interact with the social and physical world such that they can use them to understand and assess a variety of human actions around the world.
  6. Practice the skill of connecting social observations with theory so that the theories alluded to in #3 can be used by graduates throughout their lives to develop sophisticated assessments about the causes and effects of human actions.
  7. Write and speak clearly and fluently while also incorporating the criminological knowledge (i.e. terms, concepts, and theories) that they have gained in their coursework.