Gwendolyn Seidman, Ph.D.
Gwendolyn Seidman, Associate Professor of Psychology and Department Chair
208 Teel Hall
B.A. Psychology, Statistics, The College of New Jersey
M.A. Psychology, New York University
Ph.D. Social Psychology, minor Quantitative Psychology, New York University
Areas of Expertise
- Social psychology
- Close relationships
- Psychology of the Internet
Areas of Research
Social psychology is the scientific study of how the presence of other people affects how we think, feel and behave. This means that social psychologists study a broad range of topics, including our perceptions of other people, how we feel about ourselves, prejudice and stereotyping, conformity, group dynamics, attraction, close relationships and helping. What distinguishes social psychology from common sense approaches to these topics is that social psychologists seek to answer questions using the scientific method. We have a strong focus on research, conducting studies that help us to fully understand the relationships between different psychological variables. Social psychologists study a broad array of topics, but my own research focuses on interpersonal relationships.
Social Cognition in Close Relationships
One of my research programs focuses on how romantic partners perceive one another. Is it more advantageous to idealize your romantic partner or to see them accurately? My research examines how these discrepancies between how partners perceive one another affect relationship outcomes, such as satisfaction and emotional responses to conflicts. I also study how individual differences, such as narcissism, relate to how we perceive our relationships and partners.
Social Support and Stress
I am also interested in social support provision and stress, especially in the context of close relationships. What factors make someone more likely to provide support to a close other who is in need? Specifically, I study how the moods and daily events experienced by couples affect their likelihood of providing support to one another.
Psychology of the Internet
In recent years, people have been using the Internet to meet new people and to maintain their relationships. Online communication differs from face-to-face communication in a number of ways, and this can affect the impressions people form, the ways they express themselves, and how they relate to others. My research explores how some people are more willing to express hidden facets of the self online and how this self-expression relates to people’s feelings about their online interactions, the type of social networking activities they engage in, and their emotional expression in online venues. I am especially interested in the role of social media in how we initiate and maintain our romantic relationships, as well as how we present them to others. I also study how different personality traits relate to people’s online behavior.
To learn more about social psychology, visit the official website of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology
To learn more about research on close relationships, visit the official website for the International Association for Relationships Research and the Science of Relationships blog.
- Seidman, G., Langlais, M., & Havens, A. [undergraduate co-author] (2017). Romantic relationship-oriented Facebook activities and the satisfaction of belonging needs. Psychology of Popular Media Culture. doi: 10.1037/ppm0000165
- Iida, M., Seidman, G., & Shrout, P. E. (in press). Models of interdependent individuals and dyadic processes in relationship research. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships.
- Blachnio, A., Przepiorka, A., Ben-Ezra, M., Benvenuti, M… Seidman, G…. (2016). Cultural and personality predictors of Facebook intrusion: A cross-cultural study. Frontiers in Psychology. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01895
- Seidman, G. (2016). Narcissism, intrinsic and extrinsic romantic ideals, and relationship satisfaction. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 33, 1018-1030. doi: 10.1177/0265407515615693
- Seidman, G., & Burke, C. T. (2015). Partner enhancement versus verification and emotional responses to daily conflict.Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 32, 304-329. doi: 10.1177/0265407514533227 – Click here to hear Dr. Seidman discuss this research in a podcast
- Seidman, G. (2014). Expressing the ‘true self’ on Facebook. Computers in Human Behavior, 31, 367-372.
- Seidman, G. (2013). Self presentation and belonging on Facebook: How personality influences social media use and motivations. Personality and Individual Differences, 54, 402-407.
- Seidman, G., & Miller, O. S. [undergraduate co-author]. (2013). Effects of gender and physical attractiveness on visual attention to Facebook profiles. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 16, 20-24.
- Seidman, G. (2012). Positive and negative: Partner derogation and enhancement differentially related to relationship satisfaction. Personal Relationships, 19, 51-71.
- Liberman, B. E., Seidman, G., McKenna, K. Y. A., & Buffardi, L. E. (2011). Employee job attitudes and organizational characteristics as predictors of cyberloafing. Computers in Human Behavior, 27, 2192-2199.
- Iida, M., Seidman, G., Shrout, P.E., Fujita, K., & Bolger, N. (2008). Modeling support provision in intimate relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94, 460-478.
- Seidman, G., Shrout, P. E., & Bolger, N. (2006). Why is enacted support associated with increased distress? Using simulation to test two possible sources of spuriousness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 52-65.
- McKenna, K. Y. A., & Seidman, G. (2005). You, me and we: Self, identity and interpersonal processes in electronic groups. In Y. A. Hamburger (Ed.), The social net: The social psychology of the Internet. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- McKenna, K. Y. A., Buffardi, L. E. & Seidman, G. (2005). Self presentation to friends and strangers online. In K.H. Renner, A. Schutz, & F.Machilek (Eds). Internet and personality. Göttingen, Germany: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers.
- Langlais, M., & Seidman, G. (January, 2017). Adolescents’ Motivations for Using Facebook: The Role of Personality and Self-esteem? Poster presented at the Society for Personality and Social Psychology Annual Conference, San Antonio, TX.
- Seidman, G., Havens, A., Petrenko, D. [student co-authors], & Langlais, M. (July, 2016). Relationship Satisfaction, Romantic Relationship Presentation and Interaction on Facebook, and Perceived Relational Consequences of Facebook. Paper presented at the Meeting of the International Association for Relationship Research, Toronto, ON.
- Seidman, G. & Havens, A. L. [undergraduate co-author] (2014). Relationship-Contingent Self Esteem and Abandonment Anxiety Predict Facebook Activity. Poster presented at the Society for Personality and Social Psychology Annual Conference, Austin, TX.
- Seidman, G., McCarthy, M. K., & Poulson, E. M. [undergraduate co-authors]. (2013). “Gender Differences in Communication and Emotional Expression on Facebook” Poster presented at the Society for Personality and Social Psychology Annual Conference, New Orleans, La.
- Shrout, P. E., & Seidman, G. (2012). “Modeling Dyadic Data: Implications of Emphasizing Individuals vs. Couples in Analysis.” Presentation at the annual meeting of the International Association for Relationship Research, Chicago, Ill.
- Seidman, G. (2010). Perceived Partner Commitment, Romantic Attachment, and Relationship Outcomes. Poster presented at the Society of Personality and Social Psychology Annual Conference, Las Vegas, Nev.
- Seidman, G. (2007). The Conflict-Buffering Effects of Idealization and Self-Verification in Intimate
Couples. Poster presented at the Society of Personality and Social Psychology Annual Conference, Memphis, Tenn.
- Seidman, G., Green, A. S., & McKenna, K. Y. A. (2006) First Encounters on the Internet: The Role of Social Anxiety and the ‘True Self.’ Poster presented at the Society of Personality and Social Psychology Annual Conference, Palm Springs, Calif.
- Seidman, G., Shrout, P. E., & Bolger, N. (2005). Is idealization of one’s romantic partner a global phenomenon? A factor analysis of trait-rating discrepancy scores. Poster presented at the American Psychological Society Annual Conference, Los Angeles, Calif.
- Psy100: General Psychology
- Psy206: Social Psychology
- Psy200: Research Design and Analysis I
- Psy201: Research Design and Analysis II
- Psy306: Special Topics in Psychology
- Psy321: Close Relationships
- Psy406: Senior Seminar in Psychology: The Self; Current Topics in Social Psychology