Carbenes are intriguing species that range from being quite stable to being extremely reactive. They are of great utility as reactive intermediates for synthesis, as ligands for organometallic catalysts, and when protonated, can serve as ionic liquids. This talk will review our recent advances in examining the properties of carbenes. We will discuss N-heterocyclic carbenes, N,N’-diamidocarbenes, and diphenylcarbenes. We utilize gas-phase methods, both computational and experimental, which allows us to probe intrinsic reactivity in the absence of solvent.