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Modern Foreign Languages and Literatures  

Associate Professor Adam M. John, Ph.D. (French and Spanish), Chair

Professors John S. Incledon, Ph.D. (Spanish), Karen J. Jogan, Ph.D. (Spanish), Newton A. Perrin, Ph.D. (German)

Associate Professor Maria M. Melendez, Ph.D. (French and Spanish)

Assistant Professors Arcana Albright, Ph.D. (French), Abbey McGovern, Ph.D. (Spanish)

Senior Instructor Kathy Ozment, M.A. (Spanish)

Instructors Rona L. Haftel, M.A. (Spanish), Melissa S. Katz, M.A. (Spanish), Janice E. Rodriguez, M.A. (Spanish)

Adjunct Robert Monk, M.A. (German)



Spanish

For a major in Spanish, a total of 10 courses must be taken. At least eight courses must be taken at the 300- or 400-level. For the two remaining required courses, students may take 202 or 204, the practicum (305), or related courses approved by the department. All majors and combined majors must schedule 301, 302 and either 491 or 492. Please see above for special requirements for education students.

SPA 101
Elementary Spanish I

This course is designed for those who have never studied or who have had only minimal exposure to Spanish. It covers basic grammatical concepts and vocabulary related to daily life and limited aspects of the cultures of the Spanish-speaking world, and emphasizes the development of listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. Students who successfully complete this course are able to speak and write in very simple ways about familiar and immediate topics and understand the gist of written and spoken Spanish materials on familiar topics. Conducted in Spanish, except for clarification of grammar and culture. Four class meetings per week.

SPA 102
Elementary Spanish II

Continuation of SPA 101. This course expands the students' ability to understand and produce written and spoken Spanish. It emphasizes accuracy in pronunciation and familiar grammatical constructions and acquisition of new structures that enable students to handle more complex tasks. Spanish 102 emphasizes the development of listening, speaking, reading and writing skills, and continues the exploration of cultures of the Spanish-speaking world through a variety of materials. Conducted in Spanish, except for clarification of grammar and culture. Four class meetings per week. Prerequisite: SPA 101

SPA 201
Intermediate Spanish I

This course refines the skills that students acquired in elementary Spanish by developing precision and nuance in topics and grammar previously studied. It enhances the students' ability to handle communicative tasks necessary for survival in the target culture. Students gain a more acute awareness of cultures of the Spanish-speaking world through the study of a variety of authentic texts, including literary fragments, journalistic pieces, film and other media. Spanish 201 emphasizes the development of listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. Conducted in Spanish, except for clarification of grammar and culture. Four class meetings per week.
Prerequisite: Spanish 102, three or four years of high school Spanish, or permission of instructor

SPA 202
Intermediate Spanish II

Continuation of SPA 201 or SPA 203. This course explores more complex communicative strategies, grammar, and vocabulary necessary for advanced study of the language. It focuses on such tasks as narrating in all tenses, advising/persuading and giving a supported opinion. It continues in-depth analysis of the cultures of the Spanish-speaking world through a variety of materials and emphasizes the development of listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. Conducted in Spanish, except for clarification of grammar and culture. Four class meetings per week.
Prerequisite: SPA 201 or SPA 203

SPA 203
Accelerated Intermediate Spanish I

This course is the same as SPA 201 but is limited to 15 students who are considering a co-concentration in Spanish. The smaller class size permits more individual practice of all four skills (reading, writing, listening and speaking), and more attention is paid to cultural concepts and certain grammatical structures.

SPA 204
Accelerated Intermediate Spanish II

Continuation of SPA 201 or SPA 203. This course is the same as SPA 202 but with the addition of a 30-hour service learning component. Students work with agencies that serve the Spanish-speaking population of Reading and of Berks County. The placements vary year to year and are assigned based on community needs and each student's interest. Conducted in Spanish, except for clarification of grammar and culture. Four class meetings per week.
Prerequisite: SPA 201 or SPA 203

SPA 221
Spanish Literature in Translation: Literature and Society in Modern Latin America

A study of Latin American society—its history, its ideological foundations and modern development—via the "boom" in Latin American fiction in the last 50 years. Included are works by Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Carlos Fuentes, Octavio Paz and others. Readings and lectures are in English. This course meets a general studies requirement in literature.

SPA 301
Advanced Spanish I

This course provides an extensive review of basic language skills studied in lower-level language courses. It also explores language and culture in more sophisticated contexts. Students integrate language skills through extensive written and oral practice. Students analyze a variety of cultural and literary texts in order to have a more critical understanding of Spanish-speaking cultures. Conducted in Spanish. Four class meetings per week.
Prerequisite: SPA 202/204, four years of high school Spanish, or permission of instructor

SPA 302
Advanced Spanish II

Continuation of SPA 301 with more extensive writing and reading assignments, including a literary work by a prominent Spanish-language author. It focuses on solidifying critical thinking skills necessary for advanced language courses as well as courses in other disciplines. Conducted in Spanish. Four class meetings per week.
Prerequisite: SPA 301

SPA 305
Practicum in Conversational Spanish

This intensive conversation experience emphasizes speaking and listening comprehension in the foreign language. There is extensive use of pair and small group activities as well as collaborative projects and presentations in the target language. A multimedia approach to the course increases the student's ability in all areas of language comprehension and production. Students will also read and write extensively.
Prerequisite: SPA 202/204, 302 or permission of instructor

SPA 308
Hispanics in the United States

This course covers the social, historical, political, and economic reasons for migration to the United States in recent times as well as the development of older Hispanic communities such as those in the southwest, midwest and northeast. The course includes readings of Chicano, Puerto Rican and Cuban literature. Oral histories of local Latino residents are conducted and presented by students. All readings and discussions are in Spanish. (Latin American Studies)
Prerequisite: SPA 302 or permission of instructor

SPA 315
Survey of Peninsular Literature

This is a study of selected prose from various periods of Spanish literature, with particular emphasis on modern and contemporary periods. Short stories and novels are included, as well as essays reflecting the philosophical perspective of the Spanish intellectual. (European Studies) Prerequisite: SPA 302 or permission of instructor

SPA 316
Survey of Latin American Literature

This is a survey of Spanish American fiction and essays from their beginnings to the contemporary period. (Latin American Studies) Prerequisite: SPA 302 or permission of instructor

SPA 318
Peninsular Spanish Civilization and Culture

An overview of Spanish history, society and the arts, from the time of the Romans and Visigoths to Franco and Post-Franco Spain. Readings, reports and examinations are in Spanish. (European Studies) Prerequisite: SPA 302 or permission of instructor

SPA 319
Hispanic Culture

This is a study of the intellectual, artistic and socio-political achievements of Hispanic peoples. Readings, discussions, reports and examinations are in Spanish. (Latin American or European Studies).
Prerequisite: SPA 302 or permission of instructor

SPA 320
Mexican Culture and Civilization

This course explores Mexican history, culture and civilization through a variety of media such as literature, film, historical texts, newspapers and periodicals. The intent is for the student to gain an appreciation of Mexican history and culture as well as a Mexican perspective of its own history and culture. The course lectures and readings are in Spanish and all course requirements such as exams, reports, projects, oral presentations, etc. are in Spanish. Satisfies Spanish concentration requirement.
Prerequisite: SPA 302 or permission of instructor

SPA 321
Contemporary Culture in the Southern Cone

The countries of the Southern Cone of South America, which include Chile, Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay share many characteristics: they are all located geographically in the southern-most part of the western hemisphere; they have been somewhat removed from contemporary global balance-of-power rivalries; for the most part they have fairly homogenous societies (Paraguay is the one exception to this); they generally have more developed economies; and they have all experienced harsh dictatorships followed by democratic transitions. These countries also have features which distinguish them as well. This course explores the many aspects of contemporary life and culture in these Southern Cone countries with the intent to introduce students to a part of Latin America that often gets overlooked. Readings and lectures are conducted in Spanish. Satisfies Spanish concentration requirement.
Prerequisite: SPA 302 or permission of instructor

SPA 322
The Andean World

This course focuses on the Andean nations: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. Topics include the geographic setting of desert highlands and jungle; the Inca culture and its legacy; Inca and Spanish cultures in contact; social problems and social protest; transitions from dictatorship to democracy; writers and artists from the pre-Columbian era to the present who reflect the Andean experience. Readings and lectures are in Spanish. Satisfies Spanish concentration requirement.
Prerequisite: SPA 302 or permission of instructor

SPA 323
Central America through the Mass Media

This course is an advanced language, culture and literature course that will focus on Central America and its portrayal through the media (television, newspapers, magazines, movies, documentaries, music and literature) both from within the region and without.  Particular focus will be on the 20th century as well as the  current state of each country.  The political, social, economic, and historical aspects of specific current issues (migration/immigration, liberation theology, indigenous movements, etc) will be explored as they relate to Central America. Readings and lectures are in Spanish. Satisfies Spanish concentration requirement.
Prerequisite: SPA 302 or permission of instructor

SPA 325
Caribbean Cultures and Literatures

This course focuses on the historical, political, social and cultural developments of the three Spanish-speaking countries in the Caribbean: Cuba, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico. Literary texts, political essays, historical documents, films and music in Spanish are used to discuss important cultural aspects that these Caribbean countries have in common.
Prerequisite: SPA 302 or permission of instructor

SPA 371
Applied Linguistics

This course provides theoretical background in linguistics and in second language acquisition. The application of linguistic theory to foreign language teaching with a focus on proficiency-based methodologies is emphasized. Required of teacher certification candidates in modern
foreign languages; open to other students with permission of the instructor. (Not for Spanish concentration)

SPA 375
Samana: An Oral and Ethnographic Study of a Community. Service and Experiential Learning in the Dominican Republic

This Interim course provides students a firsthand opportunity to study the Spanish-speaking nation of the Dominican Republic from an interdisciplinary perspective. Following three, two-hour seminars held during the fall semester preceding the January Interim, students travel to Samaná, Dominican Republic, for three weeks to study language and culture. Students may choose to receive credit in interdisciplinary studies, Spanish, Latin American studies or psychology. Students who wish to receive credit in psychology may do so by selecting projects in the discipline in consultation with a faculty member in the field. Students enrolled in this course observe and experience a cultural system distinct from their own in order to understand the complexity of this system as well as the complexity of their own cultural system. They also gain a better understanding of how human behavior influences and is influenced by perceptions of cultural "norms." Students improve skills in all four areas of second language competency: listening, speaking, reading and writing. To accomplish the aforementioned goals, students live with Dominican families in the small town of Samaná. They examine the social dynamics of this community beginning with the family unit. They observe and experience daily life in the community and contribute to the community through a variety of service-learning projects. Students also travel to other areas of the island and participate in a number of college-organized excursions. Oral interviews are conducted on a daily basis and are the primary source for students’ final projects. Prerequisite: SPA 302 or permission of instructor

SPA 380
Special Topics in Spanish Literature and Culture

This course offers special topics of interest in Spanish literature and culture. Readings, discussions, reports and examinations are in Spanish. (Latin American or European Studies).
Prerequisite: SPA 302 or permission of instructor

SPA 491
Seminar I

The seminar emphasizes critical approaches to literature leading to an individualized research project. Team taught and conducted partly in English for French and Spanish students. (Latin American or European Studies)
Prerequisite: Senior, SPA 302 or permission of instructor

SPA 492
Seminar II

This seminar begins with a discussion of anthropological views of culture. Hispanic cultures are presented through their traditions, values and social structures; syncretism in Latin America also is studied. Literary texts, essays and video materials serve as the basis for class discussion; students also will develop a term project. (Latin American or European Studies)
Prerequisite: Senior, SPA 302 or permission of instructor

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