Classical Languages


Assistant Professor Robert Seesengood, Ph.D., Chair

Professor Emeritus Sarel Fuchs, Ph.D.

Students can use Greek and Latin courses to meet the general studies foreign language requirement. Courses at the 202-level and above also can be used to fulfill the general studies literature requirement.


The courses in Greek are arranged to meet the needs of two groups of students: For those who wish to gain a first-hand knowledge of the rich contribution the Greeks made to our modern civilization, two years of study in Classical Greek are offered. For those preparing to enter the Christian ministry, additional study in Koiné Greek, the Greek of the Hellenistic Period, and the Greek of the New Testament are offered.

GRE 101
Introduction to Classical Greek I
A thorough study of the conjugation, declension, syntax and vocabulary of classical Greek is undertaken. In addition to individual sentences based on Xenophon's Anabasis, short passages from Herodotus, Aesop, Menander, Plutarch, Sophocles and others are used to develop facility in reading Greek.

GRE 102
Introduction to Classical Greek II
A continuation of the study begun in 101, this course leads the student further into the structure of classical Greek, using sentences and readings from the same writers. Prerequisite: GRE 101

GRE 201
Readings in Classical Greek I
Selected passages from Herodotus, Xenophon, Plato and other Greek prose writers are read. Constant review of the forms and syntax of classical Greek is included to strengthen the student's previous knowledge and to illustrate and emphasize the more subtle connotations and structure of the language.
Prerequisite: GRE 102

GRE 202
Readings in Classical Greek II
A continuation of the structure and plan of 201, using additional passages from classical writers.
Prerequisite: GRE 201
Students who have completed two years of Greek may continue a program of readings to be determined by individual competence, interest and need. Courses need not be completed in numerical sequence.

GRE 301
Advanced Readings I
Epic poetry: selections from Homer's Iliad and Odyssey.

GRE 302
Advanced Readings II
Greek drama: selections from Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides.

GRE 401
Advanced Readings III
Advanced Greek prose; selections from Herodotus and Thucydides (history), Plato and Aristotle (philosophy), and Isocrates and Demosthenes (rhetoric).

GRE 402
Advanced Readings IV
New Testament: selections in Koiné Greek.

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Teacher certification in Latin is available. Interested students should consult the Education Department.

The following courses are offered for students interested in gaining a reading knowledge of Latin, increasing fluency in the use of English and syntax, and understanding the Roman culture.

LAT 101
Elementary Latin I

The fundamentals of Latin syntax and vocabulary are developed through the study of original Latin sentences and passages. Some study of linguistics, English derivations and cognates, and brief readings from selected Latin authors are included.

LAT 102
Elementary Latin II

Continuation of 101.
Prerequisite: LAT 101 or permission of instructor

LAT 201
Intermediate Latin

Completion of the study of Latin grammar and syntax with emphasis on the reading of Latin prose, particularly Cicero's orations.
Prerequisite: LAT 102 or permission of instructor

LAT 202
Latin Literature of The Golden Age

Intensive reading in Latin of the literature of the Golden Age, particularly the lyric poetry of Catullus and Horace, Vergil's Aeneid, and Vergil's Eclogues. Particular emphasis in the study of the development of literary genres (general studies literature).
Prerequisite: LAT 201 or permission of instructor

The following advanced courses are available upon a student's request and demonstration of competency beyond the intermediate level:

LAT 301
Advanced Latin Prose

Concentration on Ciceronian prose style and the works of outstanding Latin prose authors (Cicero's letters, Livy, and so on).
Prerequisite: LAT 202 or permission of instructor

LAT 302
Advanced Latin Poetry

Reading of Vergil's Bucolics and Georgics, Ovid's Metamorphoses, Juvenal's satires.
Prerequisite: LAT 301 or permission of the instructor

LAT 401
Selected Topics

Readings of Latin literature to be based on individual student's prior study and experience (Roman comedy, St. Augustine, Medieval Latin, Latin Hymnody, and so on).
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor

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